What is the taiga biome/ boreal forest ?
Taiga Forest is a part of the Taiga biome. This is the world’s largest forest covering 29 % of the world’s total forest. This forest occupies approximate 17 % of Earth’s terrain. Taiga biome is the biggest biome in the world. Taiga contains Coniferous and deciduous trees of many species with highest latitude.
Taiga is also known as Snow forest or Boreal Forest (Northern Forest). This biome is dominated by coniferous trees and few deciduous trees comprising of Pine, Spruces and Larches.
Taiga Forest plants
Growing area of tree species of taiga conflict from each other. Spruces (Picea) are found in the forest of North America, Scandinavia, Finland and Russia. Larches (Larix) are grounded in Russian and Eastern Siberian Taiga.
Lakes, bogs and other water bodies are common in taiga. 200 to 750 mm rainfall happens every year in boreal forest.
Pines (Pinus) originate in Scandinavian, Finnish & Russian Taiga Forest. Birch (Betula), which is a deciduous plant is found in very less regions as compared to other species of trees found in Scandinavia & Finland.
Mosses, hemlock and Douglas fir are also rarely found in some parts of Taiga.
Where is the Boreal Forest/ Taiga biome Located?
The geographical locations of Taiga forest includes Russia (including areas of Siberia), United States(Northern Minnesota), Northern Japan(Island of Hokkaido), Scotland, Northern Magnolia, Sweden, Norway, Coastal areas of Iceland, Finland, Northern Kazakhstan, Canada and Alaska.
Taiga forest climate
Life is very difficult in taiga due to its cold weather conditions. In winter temperature of taiga goes down up to -54° Celsius. This bone-chilling, frosty climate stays for about six months.
Many animals of taiga forest go to a long sleep (hibernate). Some of the remaining animals drift towards warmer areas of south. Some animals collaborate with the climate, or say try to collaborate.
Winter of taiga
During winter thin, long and waxy needles of coniferous trees prevent them. The wax gives them protection from freezing and drying. Coniferous trees keep their needles throughout the year. They start photosynthesis as soon as weather gets warm.
Shorter spring and autumn seasons fly away before any realization. These seasons are too short to delight.
Even summers are shorter in taiga. Summer lasts up-to only 50-100 days long. Life comes to slick during summer. Summer is the growing season of taiga. Through summer temperatures rises up-to 21° Celsius.
Through summer fire is very common in taiga. To cope with fires trees have grown their own invulnerable system. Upper awning of trees burn away with the fires and let sunlight reach the terrain.
Summers in the taiga are warm, rainy and humid. Many insect eating birds come to taiga to breed. Seed eaters like finches and sparrows and omnivorous birds like crows stay throughout the year.
Taiga forest animals
Animals like American black bear, wolverine, bald eagle, bobcats, grey wolf, minks, red fox, ermine, river otter, red squirrels, voles, reindeer, elk, long eared owl and moose are found in taiga. These animals include both predators and herbivores.
According to an estimate 32000 species of insects live in taiga. Insects play a major role as pollinators and decomposers. Taiga animals includes 85 species of mammals and 130 species of fish.
Over 300 genus of birds live in taiga but only 30 of them stay during winter in taiga forest, rest of all fly away to different other locations. To know more about taiga plants, click here.